Special Report on Persecution and Abuse in Henan Province Regarding the Case of Arrest in Wen County on March13, 2006

China Aid Association
Among the house churches nationwide, those in Henan Province set a striking example and the house churches in Henan have been subject to tremendous persecution.
The Origin: Gathering across Province and County
Boundaries  
   As Easter, the traditional Christian festival,
approaches March 13, 2006, believers courageously took
part in rehearsals of celebration programs at the home
of 71 year old Ma Wenqing in Zhangsi Village, Xiangyun
Township, Wenxian County of Henan Province. Hearing
the news, and because of relative connections,
Christians were coming from several counties of the
local prefecture of Jiaozuo and from Luoyang, Xinyang,
Fuyang and Sanmenxia prefectures of Henan as well as
from Fangshan of Beijing, Xuzhou of Jiangsu, and
Zhuozhou of Hebei to express their adoration of the
Savior, Jesus Christ, in whom they believe. In the
Christian point of view, this is an external behavior
of the spirit of belief and an expression of the body.
Unfortunately, at around 6:30 pm, March 13, when the
gathering had ended and Christians were dispersing and
going home, they were suddenly surrounded by public
security personnel. Many Christians were
panic-stricken, some ran, and some were blocked in the
house. Those who walked on the highway heading home
slipped into wheat fields scared at the sight of the
public security personnel, but most were captured and
dragged into vehicles of public security. A few of
them were brutally beaten in the wheat field.
According to narrations of house church leaders later,
three policemen from the public security bureau pinned
down a young man in the wheat field and beat and
kicked him with their fists and feet. They beat him so
hard that several young Christian women were paralyzed
with fear and couldn’t speak; other young Christian
women watching the beating cried out. House church
leaders recalled that the public security vehicles
dispatched included police cars, highway patrol cars,
No. Yu (Henan) A vehicles (belong to certain
departments of Henan Provincial government), and red
minivans of local police. There were more than a
thousand people looking on. 

Unlawful Interrogation
   Christians from Wenxian County of the prefecture of
Jiaozuo were all released after a 24 hour
interrogation, except for Ma Wenqing, the 71-year-old
house church leader; and Zhang Jinzhi, and Zhang Liang
from Zhuozhou City of Hebei Province.

   In the interrogation, a 71-year-old female named
Zhang Mingrong, self-proclaimed from Nanzhanglun
Village, Yanglei Township of Wenxian County, was
handcuffed for 4 hours and slapped twice in the face,
and stripped of all clothing. A single 21-year-old
lady (who prefers to remain anonymous because her
human rights were violated, her name only revealed to
Zhang Mingrong) was beaten and stripped of all
clothing to see if money was hidden inside. This lady
felt that humiliated and fled home the next day and
only recently returned. Zhang Jinzhi was also beaten
and scolded during an interrogation because she
refused to acknowledge that she believed in an evil
cult. She was detained for 26 days and released on
bail by her family pending trial.

   Ma Wenqing, the 71-year-old house church leader,
was of noble character and high prestige. His home
often received missionaries from Great Britain in the
1930s and 1940s. This time he offered to host
rehearsals in order for brothers and sisters to
celebrate Easter.  As a result he not only lost his
personal freedom, but his household property was
ransacked and illegally seized.  Property confiscated
by the public security bureau include:  RMB 1500 in
cash, his daughter-in-law’s passport and visa to Hong
Kong and Macau, stock certificates of RMB 10,000, etc.
All these were confiscated without a detailed list of
seizure. Ma Wenqing’s son and daughter-in-law were so
frightened that they didn’t dare return home until
now.

Unlawful Penalties
    1. Christian Brother Cai and Brother Zhu (first
names withheld) from Xinyang City, after being
restrained in Wenxian County, were further fined by
local public security authorities at Xinyang City for
RMB 1,000 and RMB 2,000 respectively according to the
“Penalty Rules of Public Order Maintenance” without
receiving receipts. However, Article 106 of “Penalty
Rules of Public Order Maintenance” stipulate that
people’s police, while imposing fines, should give the
person being fined a uniform receipt of fine issued by
the financial department of People’s Government of the
province, autonomous region or municipality directly
under the Central Government. Without presenting such
a uniform receipt, the person being penalized should
have the right to refuse to pay the fine.

    2. Three Christians from Lushi County of the
Prefecture of Sanmenxia including Ma Jianling were not
given any release certificate after being detained in
Wenxian County. After being interrogated for 24 hours
in Wenxian County, the three were escorted to Lushi
County and detained for three days. Because the Public
Security Bureau of Wenxian County did not give any
legal formalities, the Lushi County authorities had no
other choice but to issue a certificate of termination
of detention for five days on manuscript paper with an
official seal applied. The three refused to accept the
coercion by the Public Security Bureau of Wenxian
County to confess that they believed in an evil cult
and demanded to have an administrative
reconsideration. So they demanded legal formalities
from the Public Security Bureau of Wenxian County.
They went and asked Brigade leader Wang Qing’an of the
State Security Brigade several times but failed. In
the last time Ma Jianling was dragged out of the
office. Afterwards Wang Qing’an refused to see them.
Without legal formalities Ma Jianling and the other
two could not file for administrative reconsideration.

    3. Nine arrested Christians from Jiaozuo City and
Mengzhou City including Li Gongshe
Li Gongshe, male, 51-years-old, residing in Donghan
Village, Dading Administrative Area of Mengzhou City
and handicapped, was transferred by the Public
Security Bureau of Wenxian County to the police
station of Wenquan Township for interrogation. He was
branded a member of an evil cult organization before
he was even given a chance to speak. Just as Li
Gongshe protested that he was not an evil cult member,
a policeman named Wang Shun rushed over to beat and
kick him. The station chief and political director
were both present watching but did not stop him. (Li
Gongshe said that they took all the photos from the
public bulletin board of the station, and immediately
recognized the policeman beating him as Wang Shun, the
fourth photo on the bulletin.) Li Gongshe, being
handicapped and fearing that he would be beaten on his
original broken bone, presented his handicap
certificate to the station chief, political director
and Wang Shun. He announced that he was handicapped
and begged that they refrain from beating him and he
would answer their questions honestly. Wang Shun did
not listen, and even said, “I will beat you hard just
because you are handicapped to make sure you dare not
gather across county lines.” During the process of Li
Gongshe beating, he saw that the political director
tapped on the wall with his rubber police baton and
then he heard screaming sounds of beating echoing from
the adjacent room. Li Gongshe recognized the people
being neaten in the adjacent room were 56-year-old Li
De’an, and 18-year-old Xie Zengzeng, both male. Li
Gongshe could not move after the beating at the police
station of Wenquan Township and felt unbearable pain
under his left armpit (They beat people with sofa
cushions or newspapers as buffers so that no external
scars will be left on the body). The next day Li
Gongshe was escorted by the Public Security Bureau of
Mengzhou City to the Mengzhou Detention Center. He was
unable to perform labor due to unbearable pain in his
left ribs. The political director of the center asked
about his condition. Li Gongshe replied that he was
beaten too harshly at the Public Security Bureau of
Wenxian County. The political director immediately
brought Li Gongshe to be examined at the Hospital of
Traditional Medicine of Mengzhou City and discovered
that the No. 8 rib on his left side was broken. As a
result he was hospitalized for treatment. The chief of
Public Security Bureau of Mengzhou City immediately
asked Li Gongshe to sign a release form saying that
his injury was caused not in Mengzhou City but in the
Public Security Bureau of Wenxian County. So Li
Gongshe signed the form. Now he has been discharged
from hospital with a medical bill of nearly RMB 2,000.

   Xie Zengzeng, male, 18 years old, was slapped twice
in the face, beaten on the buttocks four times with a
rubber police baton and bound with rope for four
minutes or so, and also was compelled by the Public
Security Bureau to write a confession and told that he
would no longer be allowed to believe in Jesus in the
future.

   Li De’an, male, 56 years old, was beaten on many
parts of the body and heard the screams of those being
beaten echoing from the adjacent room. He himself was
beaten by the police with sofa cushions as a buffer so
no external wounds were left on the body.   

   Li Deqin, female, 44 years old, younger sister of
Li De’an, was detained by the Fantian police station
of Wenxian County and handcuffed to the head of a bed
for the whole night until 10 o’clock the next morning.
Then she was brought back home in hand-cuffs and had
her home videotaped inside and out. Her daughter’s
computer and many household items were confiscated and
still not returned. Back in the police station, she
was handcuffed to the sofa until she was brought into
the interrogation chamber for questioning at 3 o’clock
in the afternoon. According to revelations of Li
Deqin, the public security personnel of the police
station first ordered her to take off her clothes and
kneel down. Li Deqin refused to kneel and several
public security personnel snatched her hair and
stomped on her legs six or seven times with their
feet. Together they moved forward and forced Li Deqin
to kneel down. Then they bound her with rope for about
15 minutes murmuring, “You should be taught a lesson
today on what it means to be restrained by the rope of
law.” Then she was unbound and somebody carried over a
few bricks saying, “If you still refuse to speak,
we’ll make you kneel down on the bricks and bind you.”

  Zhang Feifei, female, 24 years old, became delirious
by the events on March 13 and hospitalized for
treatment at her own expense for five days. She was
released on bail by her aunt but has not recovered. 
   Xu Xuemin, male, about 52 years old, was severely
beaten and detained for over 10 days. He was released
without being given any legal proof, except the
receipt of the RMB 200 he paid for living expenses in
the lockout house.

   Deng Guixiang, female, 51 years old, was slapped
several times on the face by public security
personnel. 

   Hao Xiurong, female, 71 years old, was handcuffed
for 28 hours by public security personnel and left in
the cold for two nights without being given anything.
She was also kicked three times

   Zhang Liang, male, 22 years old, was severely
beaten and detained for 28 days. He was released
without being given any proof.

    4. Five Christians from Nanle County of Puyang
Prefecture including Li Huimin and one Christian from
Qingfeng County.

   Li Huimin, male, 48 years old, house church leader
of Nanle County, Puyang Prefecture, was ordered at the
Public Security Bureau of Wenxian County to
acknowledge that he believed in an evil cult. He
refused and sustained savage beating. Then he was
escorted back to Nanle County and detained for 38
days. After being locked up for 38 days he was
publicly sentenced to one year correction through
forced labor on the charge of “illegal gathering.” He
was escorted April 26, 2006 to the Institute of
Correction through Labor of Puyang City.

    According to revelations of victim Li Huimin’s
family, before the Public Security Bureau issued the
notification of  Li Huimin’s correction through forced
labor, they informed the family to pay a ransom of
RMB10,000 otherwise he would be sentenced to three
years imprisonment. Then the ransom was reduced to RMB
5,000, 3,000 and 1,000. But the family was too poor to
pay so that Li Huimin was sentenced to one year
correction through forced labor.

   Liu Huimin, female, 22 years old, was severely
beaten. Because she refused to admit her faith was
evil cult during interrogation, she was beaten so hard
by a male police officer at the police station of Wude
Township, Wenxian County that her face was swollen for
three days. According to revelations of Liu Huimin,
the entire interrogation process was conducted by the
male police officer alone. When the police officer
ordered Liu to take off her underwear, she rejected
his order with harsh words. And the male officer beat
her brutally and searched her with nobody else
present.

   Yue Jianghui, female, 19 years old, was severely
beaten because she refused to admit being a member of
an evil cult. She was also subject to a strip search.
She was thus made delirious for a while.

    Ms. Zheng (first name withheld), female, 23 years
old, Christian about to get married, was also
interrogated alone by a male police officer at the
police station of Wude Township, Wenxian County.
According to revelations of Ms. Zheng, the male
officer ordered Zheng to take off her underwear, Zheng
desperately resisted. The male officer held her from
behind and acted indecently towards her. Zheng
screamed in resistance and the officer gave up the
attempt. However, this act made Ms. Zheng, who was
going to get married soon, suffer acute mental
distress.

   Li Hongmin, female, 15 years old, was not beaten
but still was illegally locked up for 30 days.

   Fan Zhongyu, male, 56 years old, was chairmen of
two associations of Qingfeng County. He attended the
rehearsals on his way due to friendship. He had RMB
4,000 in cash, and a pocket cassette recorder
confiscated by the Public Security Bureau of Wenxian
County which refused to issue a detailed list of
seizure. He was forced to pay a ransom of RMB 5,000
without receiving any receipt after he was transferred
from Wenxian County to Qingfeng County of Puyang
Prefecture by the Public Security Bureau of Puyang.

   5. About a dozen Christians from Yuanyang County
and Huixian City of Xinxiang Prefecture were beaten,
among them Brother Guo suffered the most severe
beating and he even attempted suicide. Yet they are
reluctant to bear witness publicly for fear of
retaliation from the Public Security Bureau.
Legal Issues of This Case

I. Unlawful Summoning
   The Public Security Bureau of Wenxian County, did
not produce law enforcement IDs or summons, announce
the causes for the summons, or notify families
promptly, when house church Christians were summoned
to the Public Security Bureau of Wenxian County. Upon
arrival they did not issue summons warrants
immediately and conducted unlawful interrogation and
detention in disguise for 20 to 30 days. Article 92 of
the Code of Criminal Proceedings stipulates that,
those criminal suspects without the necessity of
arrest or detention can be summoned to specified
locations of the prefecture, city or county where the
suspect is residing or his or her dwelling place for
interrogation. Warrant document of the People’s
Procuratorate or Public Security authorities must be
produced. The maximum duration of summons and
detention shall not exceed 12 hours. The suspect shall
not be put in disguised detention by using a series of
summons.  Article 46 of “Procedural Provisions for
Conducting Administrative Cases by Public Security
Authorities” stipulates that law enforcement IDs shall
be presented and summons warrants shall be produced
when summoning law-breaking suspects. For the
law-breaking suspects found on the spot can be
summoned by oral warrant, but should immediately be
issued summons warrants upon being summoned to the
case.

II. Unlawful Detention
   The Public Security Bureau of Mengzhou City
detained Li Gongshe and two others on March 15, 2006
with no detention warrant or notification to the
family. The three were illegally detained for 15 days.
This act violates relevant provisions of “Act of
Public Order Penalties”

III. Unlawful Release 
   Three Christians from Lushi County of the
Prefecture of Sanmenxia including Ma Jianling were not
given any legal forms upon release. The Public
Security Bureau of Mengzhou City said, upon releasing
Christian Xu Xuemin, that, “We did not detain you.” In
order not to leave any evidence behind, the Public
Security Bureau refused to issue any release warrant.

IV. Unlawful Seizure
   Ma Wenqin, the 71-year-old house church leader, had
his household property illegally ransacked and seized.
Property confiscated by the Public Security Bureau
include:  RMB 1500 in cash, his daughter-in-law’s
passport and visa to Hong Kong and Macau, stock
certificates of RMB 10,000, etc. All these were
confiscated without a detailed list of seizure. Fan
Zhongyu had RMB 4,000 in cash, and a pocket cassette
recorder confiscated by the Public Security Bureau of
Wenxian County which refused to issue a detailed list
of seizure. The Public Security Bureau of Wenxian
County held Li Gongshe and three others in custody
March 13, 2006 without issuing a detailed list of
custody or any decision of settlement.

V. Extortion of Confession through Torture
   Christians of house churches who were summoned,
detained or undergoing correction through forced labor
by the Public Security authorities all experienced
extortion of confession by torture. Many of them were
compelled to admit they were members of an evil cult.
Female Christians were subject to indecent assault by
male police officers.  

Political Issue of This Case
   The political issue of this case lies in the abuse
of law to slander the house church                   
                            as an evil cult
organization by the relevant authorities of Henan
Province.

   Because it is impossible to investigate the
relevant authorities of Henan Province, the author can
only estimate, based on cumulative experience and
knowledge, that this activity of religious persecution
was not the decision of the Public Security Bureau of
Wenxian County, since there were Christians coming
from counties of the local prefecture of Jiaozuo and
from Luoyang, Xinyang, Fuyang and Sanmenxia
prefectures of Henan as well as from Fangshan of
Beijing, Xuzhou of Jiangsu, and Zhuozhou of Hebei to
gather across provincial boundaries. In addition, this
was a coordinated operation by the joint forces of
Public Security authorities of Jiaozuo, Puyang and
other cities at the prefecture level of Henan. Also
some Christians saw vehicles with the “No. Yu (Henan)
A” license plates which belong to certain departments
of the Henan provincial government. Therefore, the
principal culprit that slandered the house church as
an evil cult organization is certainly a department of
the Henan provincial authorities.

   The house church is not an evil cult, nor is it an
organization. This is quite clear. Even China’s State
Administration of Religious Affairs has frequently
acknowledged in public the legitimate status of the
house church.

   Because of the persecution and slander of the house
church by the Henan provincial authorities, house
church Christians are unable to enjoy national
treatment and being deprived of human rights, and
suffer from various mistreatments like being bound
with rope, indecent assault on female Christians,
refusal of detailed list of seizure, being forced to
kneel, beaten and cursed, and subjected to illegal
custody and correction through forced labor.

Legal Actions Taken by the House Church
   Article 251 of the Criminal Law of the People’s
Republic of China stipulates: “Any state organ
personnel, who illegally deprives a citizen of freedom
of religious belief or violates the customs and habits
of minority nationalities, if the circumstances are
serious, shall be sentenced to fixed term of
imprisonment of no lese than two years.” Since the
Henan provincial authorities persecute and slander the
house church and illegally deprive citizens of freedom
of religious belief and the circumstances are
extremely serious, the victimized Christians and house
churches will file complaints with the Supreme
People’s Procuratorate according to law.  

   According to provisions of laws and regulations
concerning religious affairs, the State Administration
of Religious Affairs should implement the freedom of
religious belief prescribed by the Constitution. The
director of the State Administration of Religious
Affairs said frankly, in answering questions from the
press in Washington D.C. in July 1997, that, “Some
errors may have been made in certain regions of China
in implementing our laws and regulations. Our duties
are to supervise and discover such errors and promptly
adjust and correct them.”  The victimized Christians
and house churches are about to request that State
Administration of Religious Affairs investigate and
treat the illegal activities of Henan provincial
authorities in persecuting and slandering the house
church. If the State Administration of Religious
Affairs takes no action, the victimized Christians and
house churches will file an administrative suit with
the Intermediate People’s Court of Beijing against the
State Administration of Religious Affairs.

(Chen Yongmiao: Investigative Report on the March 13,
2006, Henna Province House Church Persecution Case   
End of document)

News of the Henan church case of March 13: Petition
for reconsideration was accepted today for church
leader currently in correction through labor
    By Chen Yongmiao

May 16, 2006
Petition for Administrative Reconsideration   
    Petitioner: Li Huimin, male, 48 years old, Han
nationality, peasant, elementary school education,
from Wuhuaying Village, Xishao Township, Nanle County.
Current residence same as above. Attended school since
childhood, and began farming after graduating from
elementary school. Was kept in criminal custody due to
illegal gathering on March 13, 2006. Was sentenced to
one year of correction through labor by the
Administrative Committee on Correction through Labor
of Puyang City. Currently residing in the Institute of
Correction through Labor of Puyang City.             

    Agent: Li Weiqiang, 20 years old, Han nationality,
peasant, elementary school education, from Wuhuaying
Village, Xishao Township, Nanle County. Current
residence same as above. Son of Petitioner.

    Defendant: Administrative Committee on Correction
through Labor of Puyang City

    Legal representative:
    Address:
    Issue of petition
    Request that People’s Court revoke the defendant’s
Decision to Impose on Petitioner Correction through
Labor (Pu Labor [2006] No. 031)

Facts and Causes
    On March 13, 2006 as Easter, the traditional
Christian festival approaches, believers courageously
took part in rehearsals for celebrations at the home
of 71-year-old Ma Wenqing, in Zhangsi Village,
Xiangyun Township, Wenxian County of Henan Province.
Hearing the news, and because of various relative
connections, Christians were coming from counties of
the local prefecture of Jiaozuo and from Luoyang,
Xinyang, Fuyang and Sanmenxia prefectures of Henan as
well as from Fangshan of Beijing, Xuzhou of Jiangsu,
and Zhuozhou of Hebei to express their adoration of
the Savior, Jesus Christ, in whom they believe. In the
view of Christians, this is an external behavior of
the spirit of belief and an expression of the body.
Unfortunately, at around 6:30 pm, March 13, when the
gathering had ended and Christians were dispersing and
going home, they were suddenly surrounded by public
security personnel. Many Christians were
panic-stricken, some ran, and some were blocked in the
house. Those who walked on the highway heading home
slipped into wheat field scared upon seeing the public
security personnel and were mostly captured and
dragged into vehicles of the public security bureau.

     The Administrative Committee on Correction
through Labor of Puyang City stated in its Decision of
Correction through Labor (Pu Labor [2006] No. 031)
that Li Huimin attended illegal house gathering held
in Zhangsi Village, Wenxian County, Jiaozuo Prefecture
on March 13, 2006 in collaboration with Fan Zhongyu of
Qingfeng County, Li Hongmin of Sipo Village, and Liu
Huimin of Wuhuaying Village, both of Xishao Township,
Nanle County, and Yue Jianghui of Yuecunji Village,
Sizhuang Township, and Zheng Liting of Wanglou
Village, Hanzhang Township, Nanle County, and was
captured by the Public Security Bureau of Wenxian
County at about 5 pm on March 13. He was escorted back
by the Public Security Bureau of Nanle County for
criminal detention on March 15.  Based on provisions
of the “State Council Decision on the Issue of
Correction through Labor,” Article One of the “State
Council Notification on Combination of the Two
Measurements of  Forced Labor and of Detention and
Investigation into Correction through Labor,” and Item
3, Article 10 and Article 13 of the “Experimental
Methods of Implementation of Correction through
Labor,” decision is hence made to impose on Li Huimin
one year correction through labor (beginning from
March 15, 2006 and ending on March 14, 2007).

     The petitioner refused to accept the Decision of
Correction through Labor made by the defendant and
holds that the defendant lacks legal foundation for
the following reasons:

     Defendant: the Administrative Committee on
Correction through Labor of Puyang City argued that
the petitioner did not register his house church and
therefore constituted an illegal gathering and so it
applied the regulations on Correction through Labor.

But the Correction through Labor relied on the
prerequisite that the house church did not register
and thus constituting illegal gathering. This
prerequisite does not have legal foundation. Article
12 of the “Regulations on Religious Affairs”
stipulates that the collective religious activities of
believing citizens shall, as a general rule, be held
at registered religious venues (temples, palaces,
mosques, churches, and other regular sites for
religious activities), organized by religious
organizations or the sites for religious activities,
hosted by religious professionals or other personnel
qualified under the religious canons, and carried out
in accordance with religious protocols. Here the legal
terminology “as a general rule” is a very weak
normative definition, not a prohibitory definition.

That means there could be exceptions or alternatives
to the “general rule” and should not constitute
violation of the Article. According to State Council
Decree No. 145 “Provisions of regulation of Venues of
Religious Activities” issued on January 31 1994, the
official explanation on the registration request of
gathering venues is as follows: “Certain religious
routines according to traditional Christian customs
are conducted in the houses of Christian believers
attended mainly by family members, sometimes by a few
relatives or neighbors, with relatively simple content
and formality generally confined to Bible-reading and
praying. Such private houses of believers are excluded
from the venues of religious activities that need to
be registered.” Article 3 of the State Council White
Paper “Status of Freedom of Religious Belief in China”
publicized on October 16, 1997 (which revealed to the
whole world the official explanations of the Chinese
government on all the relevant laws and regulations
concerning religious belief in China, and the state of
affairs regarding actual implementation and, as a
result, has legal effects and policy guiding powers)
stipulated: “The religious activities held by
Christian believers in their private homes attended
mainly by family members, relatives and friends
according to Christian customs, such as Bible-reading
and praying, habitually referred to by Christians in
China as ‘house churches’, are not required to
register.”

    Citizens can act as they wish in areas where there
are no explicit legal prohibitions and moreover, the
legitimacy of the area has been publicly acknowledged
by policy. The above cited laws and regulations
demonstrate that, since house churches are not
required to register, they are permitted, legal, and
subject to legal protection. It is illegal to label as
“illegal” those house church gatherings that do not
register. Therefore, the petitioner did not violate
the provision of Item 2, Article 20 of the State
Council “Regulations on Religious Affairs” that
non-religious organizations or non-religious activity
sites shall not organize or hold religious activities,
nor shall they accept donations of religious nature.
House churches are neither religious organization nor
religious activity sites according to the
administrative explanations of the government and
relevant judicial policies. Therefore the petitioner
holds that the Administrative Committee on Correction
through Labor of Puyang City has no legal foundation.

     The administrative procedure is hereby brought by
the petitioner to your attention in order to protect
the legitimate rights and interests of citizens, and a
judgment as beseeched is requested!

     Addressed to
     The People’s Government of Puyang City
     Petitioner:

    Appendix:
Decision of Correction through Labor (Pu Labor [2006]
No. 031)

    Administrative Committee on Correction through
Labor of Puyang City

    Decision of Correction through Labor
    (Pu Labor [2006] No. 031)
   Li Huimin, male, 48 years old, Han nationality,
peasant, elementary school education, from Wuhuaying
Village, Xishao Township, Nanle County. Current
residence: same as above. Attended school since
childhood, and began farming after graduating from
elementary school. Was kept in criminal custody due to
illegal gathering on March 13, 2006. Now discovered
through investigation the following law-breaking facts
about Li Huimin:

Li Huimin attended illegal house gathering held in
Zhangsi Village, Wenxian County, Jiaozuo Prefecture on
March 13, 2006 in collaboration with Fan Zhongyu of
Qingfeng County, Li Hongmin of Sipo Village, and Liu
Huimin of Wuhuaying Village, both of Xishao Township,
Nanle County, and Yue Jianghui of Yuecunji Village,
Sizhuang Township, and Zheng Liting of Wanglou
Village, Hanzhang Township, Nanle County, and was
captured by the Public Security Bureau of Wenxian
County at about 5 pm on March 13. He was escorted back
by the Public Security Bureau of Nanle County for
criminal detention on March 15. 

Based on provisions of the “State Council Decision on
the Issue of Correction through Labor,” Article One of
the “State Council Notification on Combination of the
Two Measurements of  Forced Labor and of Detention and
Investigation into Correction through Labor,” and Item
3, Article 10 and Article 13 of the “Experimental
Methods of Implementation of Correction through
Labor,” decision is hence made to impose on Li Huimin
one year correction through labor (beginning from
March 15, 2006 and ending on March 14, 2007).

      If you refuse to accept this decision, you can
file Petition for reconsideration directly to the
Review and Approval Office of the Provincial
Administrative Committee on Correction through Labor
or the People’s Government of Puyang City within 60
days from the day following receipt of this decision.
You can also bring up a legal procedure directly
before the People’s Court.    

    April 12, 2006


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