CCP court gave lawyers less than a week to review 123 case files

The four lawyers defending Wang Honglan and her family
(Photo: Fan Xiangui’s Weibo page) 

 (Hohhot, Inner Mongolia— January
14, 2022) On January 11, Christian lawyers Fang Xiangui, Zhu Shujin, Zhao
Qingshan, and Yuan Mao traveled to Huimin District People’s Court to submit
documents for the case of four Christians who were charged with “illegal
business operations” for selling the Holy Bible. However, the clerks told the
lawyers a trial has been scheduled for January 17. This means lawyers have no
time to finish reading all the documents and will have to go to the trial
without proper preparation. The four lawyers posted a complaint on Hohhot Intermediate
People’s Court’s official Weibo page. They openly criticized judge Han Yanjie
and director Duan Wen for infringing their practicing rights and appealed to the
court to give them enough time to prepare for the case before the trial.


arrested Wang Honglan, her husband, her younger son, and her late older son’s
wife in April 2021 for selling the Holy Bible. They were charged with “illegal
business operations”. Sister Wang Honglan is 66 years old. She became a
Christian when she was 24. She has been serving the church since then. The Procuratorate
suggested a 15-year sentence for her because the total sales amount exceeded ¥40
million (6,290,593 USD).


Judge Han
Yanjie of Huimin District People’s Court accepted the documents from the four
lawyers and told them the trial will happen on January 17. The lawyers saw
three big boxes of files (123 total) for the case. They told the judge it was
impossible to finish reading all the case files within a week and hoped she could
give them more time to read the files.


the judge denied their request, saying everything has been arranged for the


Due to
the urgency of the case, the family hired more lawyers last week. For defendants
with a suggested sentence of more than 10 years, it is completely normal to
request a postponement for preparation. Besides, all of the lawyers were just
hired over the weekend. They travelled to Hohhot immediately to submit
documents without any delay.


lawyers handed Judge Han Yanjie a “legal opinion on ensuring defendant’s
pre-trial preparation time” document and continued to express their concerns.
But the judge interrupted them and put the document aside. She responded,
without looking at the document: ”Don’t talk about it anymore. I fully
understand your opinion. I’ll include your document in the case files. There is
no way to postpone the trial.”



the negotiation, a lawyer tried to play some audio and video recordings
included in the case files on a computer, but he couldn’t play them. He also
voiced his concerns.


The judge
became impatient and called security.


”As a
young female, I feel uncomfortable to be surrounded by four males and bombarded
with questions,” she complained.


she wasn’t willing to listen to the lawyers’ opinions. So, they went to the
director’s office to talk to Mr. Duan Wen.


Mr. Duan seemed
enthusiastic to talk to the lawyers. When
the lawyers notice the court’s police officer was video recording them, they voiced
their concern and video recorded Mr. Duan. He seemed comfortable with that. He
read the lawyers’ legal opinion document in front of the video camera. “Make sure
I look good in the video. I want to be famous among lawyers,” he said.


The four
lawyers continued to express their opinions. According to article 25 of “Provisions
of the Supreme People’s Court and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate on Legally
Protecting Lawyers’ Practicing Rights” and article 3 of “Provisions of the
Supreme People’s Court on Legally Protecting Lawyers’ Procedural Rights,” when
the court determines the trial date, it shall leave necessary time for lawyers
to prepare for the court appearance. The Procuratorate has at least one to one
and half months for criminal investigation or examination for prosecution.  According
to the principle of equality of arms between prosecutors and lawyers, it
is reasonable and legal to allow lawyers no less than one month to read all the
123 case files.




If the
court has a problem with the time frame, the case can be postponed according to
article 208 and article 58 of the ”Criminal Procedure Law of the People’s
Republic of China.”


Mr. Duan
suddenly interrupted them:


In my opinion, good lawyers are those who are good at exploiting
loopholes in the law. We are ready for the trial. I’ll escalate your concerns to
my supervisor, but I don’t agree with postponing the trial.


lawyers had to leave but insisted, ”How can lawyers defend freedom and life
without the basic practicing rights?” Huimin District People’s Court only gave
them five days to read all the case files.


In the
end, the lawyers posted a complaint on Weibo against Judge Han Yanjie and
director Duan Wen for infringing their practicing rights, urging them to take
action and give lawyers enough time to prepare for the trial. The complaint
was based on the following laws:


Article 41
of “Provisions of the Supreme People’s Court and the Supreme People’s
Procuratorate on Legally Protecting Lawyers’ Practicing Rights”:
if a lawyer believes that the case-handling organ and its
staff have clearly violated the law, obstructing the lawyer’s legal defense and
agency duties, or infringing on the lawyer’s right to practice rule of law, he
may file a complaint with the case-handling organ or higher level organs.


Article 42 of “Provisions of the Supreme People’s Court and
the Supreme People’s Procuratorate on Legally Protecting Lawyers’ Practicing
Rights”: in criminal proceedings, if a lawyer believes that the following acts
of the case-handling organ and its staff hinder the lawyer from exercising his
practicing rights in accordance with the law, he may appeal to the people’s
procuratorate at the same level or higher level: 1. Failure to inform, and
notify lawyers; 5. Failure to listen to lawyers’ opinions; 6. Other acts hinder lawyers from exercising their practicing rights.


~Yu Bing, ChinaAid special reporter

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